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Heinkel He 74



Type:
  Advanced Trainer And Light Home
  Defence Fighter
Origin: Ernest Heinkel AG
Models: He 74a, He 74b and He 74B
First Flight: 1933
Service Delivery: None
Final Delivery: None
Production: 3

Engine:
Model: Argus As 10C
Type: Inverted V8 air cooled
Horsepower: 240hp

Dimensions:
Wing span: 8.15m (26 ft. 8.75 in.)
Length: 6.45m (21 ft. 2 in.)
Height: 2.20m (7 ft. 2.5in.)
Wing Surface Area: N/A

  Weights:
Empty: 1,697 lb. (770kg)
Maximum: 2,242 lb. (1017kg)

Performance:
Maximum Speed: 174mph (280kph)
Initial climb: N/A
Range: 230 miles (370km)
Service Ceiling: N/A


Armament:
Planned:
Two 7.92mm Rheinmetall MG 17 synchronized above fuselage


The Heinkel He 74 was a light fighter aircraft developed in Germany in the early 1930s. It was a conventional, single-bay biplane with staggered, unequal-span wings braced with an I-strut. The pilot sat in an open cockpit, and the undercarriage was of the fixed, tailskid type. It was designed in response to a RLM requirement for a Heimatschutzj├Ąger - a light fighter aircraft suitable for purely defensive duties and which would have a secondary role as an advanced trainer for fighter pilots. Although it was not strictly a requirement of the specification, firms submitting designs were urged to use a monoplane layout.

During trials in 1934, the He 74 outperformed its competitors, but in the end, the RLM awarded it third place, behind the Focke-Wulf Fw 56 and Arado Ar 76, believing that since the fighters then being developed were all monoplanes, this configuration was essential for an advanced trainer as well.


Sources:
Gunston, Bill & Wood, Tony - Hitler's Luftwaffe, 1977, Salamander Books Ltd., London
Wikipedia - He 74

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